Simply put prolotherapy is a non-surgical medical treatment to restore and rebuild damaged tendons and ligaments. Prolotherapy is short for proliferation therapy or regenerative injection therapy and involves injecting a combination of substances including dextrose into a joint to stimulate the body to regenerate and rebuild damaged tissue.
Prolotherapy works by triggering the body to heal damaged tissue by creating a site of local inflammation. The dextrose solution stimulates the body to increase blood supply to the area which stimulates wound healing process. The wound healing process results in new collegen deposition (the building blocks for ligaments and tendons) and thus regeneration of tissue.
Prolotherapy is successful at healing injuries to both ligaments and tendons. Ligaments are the structures that attach bone to bone, while tendons are the structures that attach muscle to bone. Both structures are innervated with nerves and when they become damaged create a sensation of pain. When damage to a tendon occurs we term this a “strain” and when damage to a ligament occurs this is termed a “sprain.”
Prolotherapy can help heal many different conditions and injuries involving joints. Specifically it can help with arthritis in all joints including the back and neck, sports injuries to a joint resulting in tendon or ligament strains or sprains, whiplash injuries, TMJ, tendonitis, carpal tunnel syndrome, sciatica, rotator cuff tears, plantar fasciitis, and ACL and PCL damage in knees.
While the initial appointment will take about 30-45 minutes to establish if prolotherapy is right for you, the actual treatment will only take about 3-5 minutes to complete. Healing time is different for everyone so the number of treatments necessary will vary from anywhere between 2-10, but the average a person will need is 4-6 treatments.